After the lawyer and communicator Estefanía Veloz published a video on TikTok explaining how to abort with misoprostol , the topic of the termination of pregnancy with this drug went viral on social networks. We tell you what this drug consists of and its uses:
Misoprostol is a drug used to prevent gastric and duodenal ulcers, reducing stomach acid and helping to protect the stomach from damage that can be caused by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, among others, according to Cigna, a global health services company.
Before using this drug, it is necessary to consider that you do not suffer from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD for its acronym in English), or heart disease as well as dehydration.
Among the side effects that this drug can cause are: hives, difficulty breathing, swelling in the face, upset stomach or diarrhea, sweating more intensely, menstrual cramps or vaginal spotting.
In Mexico , various feminist organizations and organizations in favor of the sexual rights of women and people with different identities, such as trans women and non-binary people, offer support and information on the termination of pregnancy from home with this drug.
An example of this are the groups: Morras Help Morras, Red Necessito Abortar, Fondo María, Las Borders, GIRE, Hablemos de Aborto, as well as the local Marea Verde collectives.
The World Health Organization (WHO) indicates in its document “Safe abortion: technical and policy guide for health systems” (2012) , that among the various ways to interrupt a pregnancy up to 12 or 14 weeks, there is the administration of misoprostol in combination with mifepristone.
“A regimen of repeated doses of misoprostol between weeks 9 and 12 of gestation is safe and effective; however, misoprostol alone is less effective than when used in combination with mifepristone,” he says.
However, the person who uses the combination drug for this purpose can have an optional consultation 7 or 14 days after the procedure if they need contraceptive counseling or services, as well as emotional support.
In the case of medical abortion with misoprostol only, WHO recommends a follow-up visit to check the success of the abortion. “Women should be counseled that they have additional services available if they need or want them,” says the organization.
You should seek medical attention if you develop a fever above 38 ° C for more than 24 hours after taking this medicine, or if you develop nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or pain in the abdomen one day after taking it. taken.
If after three hours after taking the first dose it is not evident that the pregnancy has been interrupted, this step would be repeated (four sublingual tablets). Finally, the WHO points out that the use of this drug to induce an abortion should always be accompanied by other medications to manage the pain that may occur.